L. А. Tortladze


Animal husbandry is the most ancient traditional branch in Georgia. It’s not accidental that we have all kinds of agricultural animals and  birds, bred for many centuries as a result of national selection throughout, such as: the Georgian Mountain and Red cows, Tushetian and Imeretian  sheep, Kakhetian and Svanetian pigs, Tushetian and Megrelian  horses, the Georgian  buffalo, the Georgian bee and the sheep-dog, different kinds of  bird. Disappearance of local breeds will be an irreplaceable loss for the world gene pool, as these breeds possess such properties which are not characteristic of other cultural breeds. Georgia  are still preserves the richest genetic resources of different kinds of animals and birds representing  invaluable material for  perfection and selection of cultural breeds.


Full Text:



1. Tsitsishvili A.L. Domestic Cattle and Sheep of Georgia. (According to osteological materials). Doctorate Thesis // Erevan Science Academy press, 1970, 56 pp. (in Russian).

2. Jorjikia G.G. Up Growth of the Khevsureti Calves in Improved Conditions. GZVESI, 10, 1958, pp. 87-95 (in Russian).

3. Japaridze A.I. Materials on the Productivity of Crossbred (F1) Obtained by Crossing the Georgian Mountain Cattle with Cultivated Species // Proceedings of Veterinary institute of Georgia, v.38, 1973, pp. 20-33 (in Russian).

4. Tortladze L.A. Hill Cattle of Georgia and Methods of Their Improvement // State Agrarian University of Armenia. 4, 2004, pp. 72-74 (in Russian).

5. Gegenava P.K. Red Megrelian cattle. In: Abstracts of the III Conference of the Georgian Institute of Veterinary // Tbilisi, 1946, pp. 46-52 (in Georgian).

6. Tsintsadze N.A. Improved Condition Influence of the Productivity of Red Megruli Cattle. Dissertation Autoreferat // Tbilisi, 1985, 18 pp. (in Georgian)

7. Kobalava D.M. Chubinidze A.B., Mayevskii C.P. Local Breeds of Horses and Their Improvement. In: Collection of Scientific Papers Scientific Research Institute of Horse Breeding // Ribnoe, 1986, pp. 21-29 (in Russian).

8. Chubinidze A.B. Local breeds of horses in Georgia. Megrelian horse // J. Horse Breeding and Equestrian Sport, 1, 2003, pp. 9-10 (in Russian).

9. Chubinidze A.B. Local breeds of horses in Georgia. Tushinskaya horse. J. Horse breeding and equestrian sport,1, 2003,11-12 (in Russian).

10. Rcheulishvili M.D. On the History of Sheep Farming in Georgia // Tbilisi, 1958, 95 pp. (in Russian).

11. Mushkudiani A.I. Experience in Imereti Breeding Sheep in Distant-Pasture under Sheep Industry in Georgia. Dissertation autoreferat // Tbilisi, 1984, 28 pp. (in Russian).

12. Gligvashvili V.A. Goat Breeding in Georgia // Tbilisi, 1996, 283 pp. (in Russian)


  • There are currently no refbacks.