SOME PROBLEMS OF INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF SCIENCE IN GEORGIA

I.M. Bachiashvili

Abstract


The author of this article reviewed the issues of science management in Georgia, as well as he touched on similar issues on a global scale. Georgia became an independent state 23 years ago. Being an integral part of the Soviet Union, Georgia has made an impressive spurt in different branches of science, as well as in the sphere of science management in general. The central authority in the field of science management was the Academy of Sciences of Georgia, which consisted of 53 research institutions on various branches of science. The number of scientific workers in 1990 reached 28,000 people. After gaining independence and the sharp deterioration of the financial situation in the country the development of science has been overlooked, and the state funding of Academy of Science and research institutes almost stopped. In 2004, the Government made a decision according to which all research institutes were out of control of the Academy of Sciences. It has become almost murderous event, both for scientific institutions and for science in general. On the basis of the comparative method, the author have analyzed different forms of science management and offered activities to be undertaken in order to correct the state governance of science management. The article provides state legal assessment of previous years and makes recommendations for new decisions.


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