The Meaning of Prohibition of Discrimination for the Freedom of Contract (In the perspective of horizontal effect of human rights)

Salome Kerashvili


The presented research is another attempt to analyze the issue of the interrelation of private law and human rights. The legislation prohibiting discrimination limits freedom of contract significantly. The latter represent the basis of private law and expression of the free development of personality. That’s why, it is interesting to observe, how the “antidiscrimination” legislation operates in the field of contract law and to what extent does it limit the freedom of private persons. When the constitutional principle of equality is applied in horizontal relations, particularly, in the sphere of contractual freedom, the conflict of the private interests occurs. The resolution of this conflict requires analysis of the essence of both institutions of law in the light of modern values. The article covers doctrinal issues, as well as the analysis of the Georgian legislation and overview of the EU experience. The aim of the research is to emphasize the important problems related to the coexistence of the prohibition of discrimination and contractual freedom and offer the reader the ways towards its solution.


Prohibition of discrimination, freedom of contract, horizontal effect of human rights

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